AMBASSADOR ALFREDO TORO HARDY
I had the honor of collaborating with Ambassasor Alfredo Toro Hardy on various roundtable discussions during his posting in Washington, DC (1999-2001). (Vince Sinining)
Ambassador Alfredo Hardy Toro is a highly respected Senior Diplomat and Scholar. Since 2009, he is Venezuela's Ambassador in Singapore. He has served as Venezuela's Ambassador in Madrid (2007-2009), in Dublin (2002-2007), in London (2001-2007), in Washington, DC (1999-2001), and in Santiago de Chile (1997-1999), and in Brasilia (1994-1997).
During his period as Ambassador to the United Kingdom he was also Venezuelan Representative to the International Coffee Organization based in London. He served as Director of the Diplomatic Academy of the Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1992-1994) and previously (during the eighties and beginning of the nineties) as Advisor to the National Security and Defense Council, to the Presidential Commission for Borders Affairs and to Foreign Affairs Committee of the Chamber of Deputies of the Venezuelan Congress.
Ambassador Toro graduated in Law from the Central University of Venezuela (1973) with a Legum Magister from the University of Pennsylvania (1979) and a Magister Scientiarum from the Central University of Venezuela (1978). Under a scholarship of the French Government he obtained in 1975 postgraduate diplomas from the Institut International d'Administration Publique (later merged with the Ecole Nationale d´Administration, ENA, of which it was the international counterpart) and from the Institut de Droit Comparé of the University of Paris II. In 1984 he made a course on international negotiations from Harvard University.
As a scholar, and besides having being Director of the Diplomatic Academy of the Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he was Director of the Centre for North American Studies and Co-ordinator of the Institute for Higher Latin American Studies of the Simón Bolívar University in Caracas (1989-1992). He retired in 1992 from the Simón Bolívar University as Associated Professor. He was elected as "Simón Bolívar Chair Professor for Latin American Studies" by the Council of Faculties of the University of Cambridge for the academic year 2007-2008, but had to decline due to his diplomatic career (previous holders of this prestious Chair include leading Latin American figures such as Literature Nobel Prize laureates Octavio Paz and Mario Vargas Llosa, former President of Brazil Fernando Henrique Cardoso, novelist Carlos Fuentes and economist Celso Furtado). He was a Member of the Advising Committee of the Diplomatic Academy of London (University of Westminster, 2003-2008). A Fulbright Scholar (1986-1987; in 1999 he was included in the Alumni Honour Roll of the Fulbright Program), he has also been a Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center Resident Scholar (September 2011). A Visiting Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs of Princeton University (1986-1987) he has also been "Andrés Bello Chair Professor" at the School of International Affairs of the University of Brasilia (1995-1996) and on-line Professor at the Centre for Social Economy of the University of Barcelona (2003-2004). He has participated in several international seminars and fora and lectured extensively at universities and think tanks in the Americas, Europe and Asia.
Ambassador Toro is the author or co-author of twenty-eight books on international affairs, having received twice the "Latino Book Award" (best book by an author whose original language is in Spanish or Portuguese) at the ExpoBook America fairs celebrated in Chicago and Los Angeles in 2003 and 2008, respectively. Author of numerous articles published in academic magazines (among them the Cambridge Review of International Affairs), he is also a weekly columnist at the Venezuelan newspaper El Universal and a frequent contributor in several Latin American and Spanish written media. He regularly contributes to various publications of IGADI, one of the leading think-tanks in Spain.